1700 - The Anglo population in the
English colonies in America reaches 275,000, with Boston (pop. 7000) as
the largest city, followed by New York (pop. 5000).
1700 - In June, Massachusetts passes
a law ordering all Roman Catholic priests to leave the colony within three
months, upon penalty of life imprisonment or execution. New York then passes
a similar law.
1701 - In July, The French establish
a settlement at Detroit. In October, Yale College is founded in Connecticut.
1702 - In March, Queen Anne ascends
the English throne. In May, England declares war on France after the death
of the King of Spain, Charles II, to stop the union of France and Spain.
This War of the Spanish Succession is called Queen
Anne's War in the colonies, where the English and American colonists
will battle the French, their Native American allies, and the Spanish for
the next eleven years.
1702 - In Maryland, the Anglican
Church is established as the official church, financially supported by
taxation imposed on all free men, male servants and slaves.
1704 - In April, the first enduring
newspaper in America, The Boston News-Letter, is published.
1705 - In Virginia, slaves are assigned
the status of real estate by the Virginia Black Code of 1705. In New York,
a law against runaway slaves assigns the death penalty for those caught
over 40 miles north of Albany. Massachusetts declares marriage between
African Americans and whites to be illegal.
1706 - January 17, Benjamin
Franklin is born in Boston. In November, South Carolina establishes
the Anglican Church as its official church.
1707 - England, Scotland and Wales
are combined into the United Kingdom of Great Britain by the Act of the
Union, endorsed by Queen Anne.
1710 - The English Parliament passes
the Post Office Act which starts a postal
system in the American colony controlled by the postmaster general of London
and his deputy in New York City.
1711 - Hostilities break out between
Native Americans and settlers in North Carolina after the massacre of settlers
there. The conflict, known as the Tuscarora Indian War will last two years.
1712 - In May, the Carolina colony
is officially divided into North Carolina and South Carolina. In June,
the Pennsylvania assembly bans the import of slaves into that colony. In
Massachusetts, the first sperm whale is captured at sea by an American
1713 - Queen Anne's War ends with
the Treaty of Utrecht.
1714 - Tea is introduced for the
first time into the American Colonies. In August, King George I ascends
to the English throne, succeeding Queen Anne.
1716 - The first group of black
slaves is brought to the Louisiana territory.
1718 - New Orleans is founded by
1720 - The population of American
colonists reaches 475,000. Boston (pop. 12,000) is the largest city, followed
by Philadelphia (pop. 10,000) and New York (pop. 7000).
1725 - The population of black slaves
in the American colonies reaches 75,000.
1726 - Riots occur in Philadelphia
as poor people tear down the pillories and stocks and burn them.
1727 - King George II ascends the
1728 - Jewish colonists in New York
City build the first American synagogue.
1729 - Benjamin
Franklin begins publishing The Pennsylvania Gazette, which eventually
becomes the most popular colonial newspaper.
1730 - Baltimore is founded in the
1731 - The first American public
library is founded in Philadelphia by Benjamin Franklin.
1732 - February 22, George
Washington is born in Virginia. Also in February, the first mass
is celebrated in the only Catholic church in colonial America, in Philadelphia.
In June, Georgia, the 13th English colony, is founded.
1732-1757 - Benjamin Franklin publishes
Poor Richard's Almanac, containing weather
predictions, humor, proverbs and epigrams, selling nearly 10,000 copies
1733 - The Molasses
Act, passed by the English Parliament, imposes heavy duties on molasses,
rum and sugar imported from non-British islands in the Caribbean to protect
the English planters there from French and Dutch competition.
1734 - In November, New York newspaper
publisher John Peter Zenger is arrested and
accused of seditious libel by the Governor. In December, the Great Awakening
religious revival movement begins in Massachusetts. The movement will last
ten years and spread to all of the American colonies.
1735 - John Peter Zenger is brought
to trial for seditious libel but is acquitted after his lawyer successfully
convinces the jury that truth is a defense against libel.
1737 - The first colonial copper
coins are minted, in Connecticut.
1739 - England declares war on Spain.
As a result, in America, hostilities break out between Florida Spaniards
and Georgia and South Carolina colonists. Also in 1739, three separate
violent uprisings by black slaves occur in South Carolina.
1740 - Fifty black slaves are hanged
in Charleston, South Carolina, after plans for another revolt are revealed.
Also in 1740, in Europe, the War of the Austrian Succession begins after
the death of Emperor Charles VI and eventually results in France and Spain
allied against England. The conflict is known in the American colonies
as King George's War and lasts until 1748.
1741 - Russian Tsar, Peter the Great,
sponsors an expedition by Danish navigator Vitus Bering to explore the
coast of Alaska.
1743 - The American Philosophical
Society is founded in Philadelphia by Ben Franklin and his associates.
1747 - The New York Bar Association
is founded in New York City.
1750 - The Iron
Act is passed by the English Parliament, limiting the growth of
the iron industry in the American colonies to protect the English Iron
1751 - The Currency
Act is passed by the English Parliament, banning the issuing of
paper money by the New England colonies.
1752 - The first general hospital
is founded, in Philadelphia.
1753 - Benjamin Franklin and William
Hunter are appointed as postmasters general for the American colonies.
1754 - The French
and Indian War erupts as a result of disputes over land in the Ohio
River Valley. In May, George Washington leads a small group of American
colonists to victory over the French, then builds Fort Necessity in the
Ohio territory. In July, after being attacked by numerically superior French
forces, Washington surrenders the fort and retreats.
1755 - In February, English General
Edward Braddock arrives in Virginia with two regiments of English troops.
Gen. Braddock assumes the post of commander in chief of all English forces
in America. In April, Gen. Braddock and Lt. Col. George Washington set
out with nearly 2000 men to battle the French in the Ohio territory. In
July, a force of about 900 French and Indians defeat those English forces.
Braddock is mortally wounded. Massachusetts Governor William Shirley then
becomes the new commander in chief.
1756 - England declares war on France,
as the French and Indian War in the colonies now spreads to Europe.
1757 - In June, William Pitt becomes
England's Secretary of State and escalates the French and Indian War in
the colonies by establishing a policy of unlimited warfare. In July, Benjamin
Franklin begins a five year stay in London.
1758 - In July, a devastating defeat
occurs for English forces at Lake George, New York, as nearly two thousand
men are lost during a frontal attack against well entrenched French forces
at Fort Ticonderoga. French losses are 377. In November, the French abandon
Fort Duquesne in the Ohio territory. Settlers then rush into the territory
to establish homes. Also in 1758, the first Indian reservation in America
is founded, in New Jersey, on 3000 acres.
1759 - French Fort Niagara is captured
by the English. Also in 1759, war erupts between Cherokee Indians and southern
1760 - The population of colonists
in America reaches 1,500,000. In March, much of Boston is destroyed by
a raging fire. In September, Quebec surrenders to the English. In October,
George III becomes the new English King.
1762 - England declares war on Spain,
which had been planning to ally itself with France and Austria. The British
then successfully attack Spanish outposts in the West Indies and Cuba.
1763 - The French and Indian War,
known in Europe as the Seven Year's War, ends with the Treaty of Paris.
Under the treaty, France gives England all French territory east of the
Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west
Florida to the English in return for Cuba.
1763 - In May, the Ottawa Native
Americans under Chief Pontiac begin all-out warfare against the British
west of Niagara, destroying several British forts and conducting a siege
against the British at Detroit. In August, Pontiac's forces are defeated
by the British near Pittsburgh. The siege of Detroit ends in November,
but hostilities between the British and Chief Pontiac continue for several