On April 1, 1933, a week after Hitler became dictator of Germany, he
ordered a boycott of Jewish shops, banks, offices and department stores.
But the boycott was mostly ignored by German shoppers and was called off
after three days. However, the unsuccessful boycott was followed by a rapid
series of laws which robbed the Jews of many rights.
On April 7, "The Law of the Restoration of the Civil Service"
was introduced which made 'Aryanism' a necessary requirement in order to
hold a civil service position. All Jews holding such positions were dismissed
or forced into retirement.
On April 22, Jews were prohibited from serving as patent lawyers and
from serving as doctors in state-run insurance institutions.
On April 25, a law against the overcrowding of German schools placed
severe limits on the number of young Jews allowed to enroll in public schools.
On June 2, a law prohibited Jewish dentists and dental technicians from
working with state-run insurance institutions.
On May 6, the Civil Service law was amended to close loopholes in order
to keep out honorary university professors, lecturers and notaries.
On September 28, all non-Aryans and their spouses were prohibited from
On September 29, Jews were banned from all cultural and entertainment
activities including literature, art, film and theater.
In early October 1933, Jews were prohibited from being journalists and all
newspapers were placed under Nazi control.