From Heinrich Müller to all Gestapo offices - transmitted at
11:55 p.m., November 9, 1938:
1) Actions against Jews, especially against their synagogues,
will take place throughout the Reich shortly. They are not to be interfered
with; however, liaison is to be effected with the Ordnungspolizei to ensure
that looting and other significant excesses are suppressed.
2) So far as important archive material exists in synagogues
this is to be secured by immediate measures.
3) Preparations are to be made for the arrest of about 20,000
to 30,000 Jews in the Reich. Above all well-to-do Jews are to be selected.
Detailed instructions will follow in the course of this night.
4) Should Jews in possession of weapons be encountered in the
course of the action, the sharpest measures are to be taken. Verfugungstruppen
der SS as well as general SS can be enlisted for all actions. Control of
the actions is to be secured in every case through the Gestapo. Looting,
larceny etc. is to be prevented in all cases. For securing material, contact
is to be established immediately with the responsible SD...leadership.
Addendum for Stapo Cologne: In the Cologne synagogue there is especially
important material. This is to be secured by the quickest measures in conjunction
From Reinhard Heydrich to all Gestapo and SD district and subdistrict
offices - transmitted at 1:20 a.m., November 10, 1938:
Concerning: measures against Jews in the present night.
On account of the assassination of the Leg. Sec. v. Rath in Paris, demonstrations
against the Jews are to be expected throughout the Reich in the present
...the political leadership is to be informed that the German police
have received the following instructions from the Reichsführer SS
and Chief of Police, to which the measures of the political leadership
should be adapted, appropriately:
a) Only such measures should be taken as will not endanger German life
or property (i.e. synagogue burning only if there is no fire-danger to
b) Businesses and dwellings of Jews should only be destroyed, not plundered.
The police are instructed to supervise this regulation and to arrest looters.
c) Special care is to be taken that in business streets non-Jewish businesses
are absolutely secured against damage.
d) Foreign nationals - even if they are Jews - should not be molested...
5) Directly after the termination of the events of this night,
the employment of the officials deployed [for the demonstrations] permitting,
as many Jews - especially the well-off ones - are to be arrested as can
be accommodated in the available prison space. Above all only healthy,
male Jews, not too old, are to be arrested. Immediately after execution
of the arrests contact is to be made with the appropriate concentration
camp regarding the quickest committal of the Jews to the camp. Special
care is to be taken that the Jews arrested on this order are not maltreated.
6) The content of this order is to be passed on to the responsible
inspectors and commanders of the Ordnungspolizei and to the SD-Ober- and
Unterabschnitten, with the rider that the Reichsführer SS and Chief
of the German Police has ordered these measures...