| Parachutes open as waves of paratroops from the 1st Allied
Airborne Army land in Holland during Operation Market-Garden.
credit: U.S. National Archives)
Operation Market-Garden was an attempt by combined Allied airborne and
ground assault troops to capture bridges over Dutch waterways in order
to open a rapid northern route for the Allied advance into Germany. It
was the largest Allied airborne operation of the war and the most costly.
The third of the three airborne landings, at Arnhem, proved to be a complete
failure as British troops landed too far from the Arnhem bridges and the
Germans quickly recovered from the surprise of the aerial assault. Of 10,000
British troops at Arnhem, 1,400 were killed while over 6,000 were taken
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