The Government of the German Reich
The Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics,
Desirous of strengthening the cause of peace between Germany and the
U.S.S.R., and proceeding from the fundamental provisions of the Neutrality
Agreement concluded in April, 1926 between Germany and the U.S.S.R., have
reached the following Agreement:
Article I. Both High Contracting Parties obligate themselves
to desist from any act of violence, any aggressive action, and any attack
on each other, either individually or jointly with other Powers.
Article II. Should one of the High Contracting Parties become
the object of belligerent action by a third Power, the other High Contracting
Party shall in no manner lend its support to this third Power.
Article III. The Governments of the two High Contracting Parties
shall in the future maintain continual contact with one another for the
purpose of consultation in order to exchange information on problems affecting
their common interests.
Article IV. Neither of the two High Contracting Parties shall
participate in any grouping of powers whatsoever that is directly or indirectly
aimed at the other party.
Article V. Should disputes or conflicts arise between the High
Contracting Parties over problems of one kind or another, both parties
shall settle these disputes or conflicts exclusively through friendly exchange
of opinion or, if necessary, through the establishment of arbitration commissions.
Article VI. The present Treaty is concluded for a period of ten
years, with the proviso that, in so far as one of the High Contracting
Parties does not advance it one year prior to the expiration of this period,
the validity of this Treaty shall automatically be extended for another
Article VII. The present Treaty shall be ratified within the
shortest possible time. The ratifications shall be exchanged in Berlin.
The Agreement shall enter into force as soon as it is signed.
[The section below was not published at the time the above was announced.]
Secret Additional Protocol.
On the occasion of the signature of the Non-Aggression Pact between
the German Reich and the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics the undersigned
plenipotentiaries of each of the two parties discussed in strictly confidential
conversations the question of the boundary of their respective spheres
of influence in Eastern Europe. These conversations led to the following
Article I. In the event of a territorial and political rearrangement
in the areas belonging to the Baltic States (Finland, Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania), the northern boundary of Lithuania shall represent the boundary
of the spheres of influence of Germany and U.S.S.R. In this connection
the interest of Lithuania in the Vilna area is recognized by each party.
Article II. In the event of a territorial and political rearrangement
of the areas belonging to the Polish State, the spheres of influence of
Germany and the U.S.S.R. shall be bounded approximately by the line of
the rivers Narev, Vistula and San.
The question of whether the interests of both parties make desirable
the maintenance of an independent Polish State and how such a state should
be bounded can only be definitely determined in the course of further political
In any event both Governments will resolve this question by means of
a friendly agreement.
Article III. With regard to Southeastern Europe attention is
called by the Soviet side to its interest in Bessarabia. The German side
declares its complete political disinterest in these areas.
Article IV. This Protocol shall be treated by both parties as
Moscow, August 23, 1939.
For the Government of the German Reich
Plenipotentiary of the Government of the U.S.S.R.