The History Place - Mummies: Death and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt - British Museum; Bowers Museum

Wood, eyes of obsidian and ivory set in bronze sockets

18th Dynasty, c. 1400 BC or later
The chief purpose of ancient Egyptian funerary rituals (including mummification) was to enable the individual to pass from the earthly life to a new existence, in which he or she would possess the attributes of divine beings. The outward appearance of the transfigured dead would reflect their new, god-like status. For this reason all images of the dead, whether mummy-masks, anthropoid coffins or free-standing statues, were idealized, representing the individual as eternally youthful and free from all physical disabilities or blemishes. This face once formed part of the lid of a mummiform coffin.

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