The History Place - Holocaust Timeline

Buchenwald Liberated April 10, 1945

American soldiers escort children survivors of Buchenwald out of the main gate of the camp. Among the children pictured is future Nobel Peace Prize winner Eli Wiesel (fourth child in the left column).

Young survivors behind a barbed wire fence in Buchenwald.

American soldiers view a pile of human remains outside the crematorium in Buchenwald.

Crematoria ovens in Buchenwald concentration camp.

An American soldier sorts through crates of silverware taken from prisoners in Buchenwald. The crates were hidden in a nearby cave along with other boxes of confiscated belongings.

An exhibit of human remains and artifacts retrieved by the U.S. Army from a pathology laboratory run by the SS in Buchenwald. These items were used as evidence of SS atrocities. The items include tattooed skin taken from executed prisoners, a lampshade made of human skin, and two shrunken heads from Polish prisoners who were recaptured after escaping from the camp and executed.

(Photo credits: U.S. National Archives, Ruth Sherman Collection, all courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives)

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