|French soldiers in a desolate landscape of unending death and sacrifice that had become a world unto itself. Below: Germans at Berry au Bac, north of Reims--participants in trench warfare with no end in sight. Many soldiers along the Western Front experienced "shell shock" a generic term coined by the British for psychoneurotic disorders including depression, hysteria, severe anxiety, physical or mental paralysis, and other manifestations of emotional breakdown caused by years of tension and stress. Such soldiers were removed from active duty while attempts were made to rehabilitate them through rest, psychotherapy, hypnosis and in some cases electro-shock therapy.
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